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Sylvia EARLE: Ocean explorer


Dive into the adventures of world-renowned marine biologist Sylvia Earle and her advocacy for ocean protection


In the world of marine science, the name of Sylvia Earle resonates as that of a true pioneer and an ardent defender of the environment. 

Sylvia Earle (born August 30, 1935) is an American oceanographer, explorer, author and lecturer. 


She is famous for her contributions to marine science and her commitment to ocean conservation. 

But beyond her scientific contributions, Earle also embodies the struggle for women’s equality in science, paving the way for many other researchers.


Youth and training: the birth of a true passion

Earle spent her childhood in Florida, where her parents encouraged her to explore nature. Passionate about outdoor sports, they have developed a strong interest in nature. But the real revelation came when reading Rachel Carson’s book «This Sea Around Us» which evokes life in the oceans and the great scientific discoveries. 


She obtained an undergraduate degree at Florida State University in 1955 and pursued graduate studies at Duke University (North Carolina), one of the most renowned in the world, where she obtained a doctorate in psychology in 1966.


Sylvia Earle’s career: a life dedicated to the oceans

After completing her studies, Earle worked as a research fellow at Harvard University before returning to Florida to lead the Cape Haze Marine Laboratory as Resident Director. 


She then led the first all-female mission of the Tektite II project in 1970, studying the effect of pollution on coral reefs. Thanks to this facility, scientists can remain immersed for several weeks. This underwater habitat experience has greatly contributed to our understanding of life in the underwater environment. It is also this project that makes Sylvia Earle a recognized personality beyond the scientific community. 


In parallel, in 1979, she set the women’s diving record at 381 meters. For more than 2 hours, she explores the depths aboard the scuba diving «Jim». Earle was the first person in the world to use this innovative combination.



Since 1998, she has been a "resident explorer" for National Geographic. She was also the first woman to hold a scientific leadership position at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.


Contributions to the preservation of the oceans, the protection of the jewels of the seas according to Sylvia Earle

Throughout his career, Earle has been a voice for ocean conservation. 


She co-founded Deep Ocean Engineering in 1982. This organization is dedicated to the design and operation of autonomous underwater systems. In 1985, the team developed the Deep Rover, a research submarine capable of operating up to 1000 meters deep. ). 


In 1992, she founded a marine engineering company, Deep Ocean Exploration and Research (DOER Marine). 


In 2008, it also launched Mission Blue to create marine protected areas around the world, intending to reach 30% of protected oceans by 2030. The initial objective was to alert public opinion to the alarming state of the oceans. A documentary on the Mission was broadcast on Netflix in 2014. 


Her work in this area has been widely recognized. She has authored over 200 scientific publications and 13 books. She has participated in conferences in more than 90 countries and has appeared on hundreds of television programs. 


She has also received numerous awards and distinctions for her commitment to the preservation of oceans and marine biodiversity.


Sylvia Earle’s awards: a record of commitment and excellence

Earle has received numerous awards throughout his career, including the NOGI Award for Science in 1976, the Hubbard Medal from the National Geographic Society in 2013, the Seattle Aquarium Lifetime Achievement Award, and the Princess of Asturias Award in 2018. 


She has also been honored by institutions such as the Library of Congress, the National Women’s Hall of Fame, and the University of Edinburgh.


Towards Scientific Equity: Sylvia Earle and her advocacy for women in science

In addition to her scientific achievements, Earle has always been aware of the need to promote gender equality in science. 


She often spoke about the challenges she faced as a woman in a field largely dominated by men, but she also stressed the importance of perseverance and peer support to overcome these obstacles.


Earle has worked tirelessly to encourage young women to pursue careers in marine science and get involved in environmental conservation. 


Her inspiring example paved the way for many women who follow in her footsteps today.


A legacy for future generations: Sylvia Earle’s lasting impact on oceans and women in science

Today, Earle continues to be an influential figure in marine conservation and gender equality in science. 


Her lasting legacy lies not only in her remarkable scientific contributions but also in her tireless advocacy for the preservation of our precious ocean ecosystem and the empowerment of women in science.


In conclusion, Sylvia Earle embodies the essence of determination, passion, and commitment to a more equitable and sustainable world. Its lasting impact in the field of marine science and gender equality is a source of inspiration for present and future generations.



Written by Océane D.

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